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Any vehicle or motorbike that has an internal combustion engine requires fuel. Without sufficient fuel, the car or bike may not work properly. Therefore, a precise amount of fuel must be dispensed into the combustion chamber to ensure efficiency and smooth function.
Two systems are used in cars and motorcycles to dispense fuel into the engine: the carburetor and the fuel injection system.
Direct fuel injection is beneficial for a motorcycle as it is highly fuel-efficient, and it also provides a better riding experience with immediate throttle response.
The carburetor, on the other hand, is a bit detrimental to performance as it is an ancient machine that isn’t free of faults.
Fuel Injection and its Advantages
Fuel injection is fairly old technology. It was introduced in 1925, but it wasn’t very popular among mass-produced cars or bikes. Carburetors were more famous, and since they were easy to adjust, people didn’t care much about fuel injectors.
However, some manufacturers and enthusiasts saw that direct injection resulted in increased performance, better fuel efficiency, and cost-saving. So, it wasn’t long before some form of fuel injection started making its way into mass-produced vehicles.
But even then, the technology was pretty rare in motorcycles. Carburetors still ruled the market in this segment and the preference did not change until much later.
So why did the change happen and what differentiated fuel injectors from conventional carburetors? Well, new advancements like direct fuel injection and electronic fuel injection came around and the market changed completely. The new bikes and vehicles were so fuel-efficient that carburetors became a thing of the past.
Here are some advantages that prove why:
- Fuel injection achieved accurate air to fuel mixture, resulting in little to no loss of fuel.
- Better throttle response and power delivery gave performance a new meaning.
- Fuel injectors save gasoline and provide impressive mileage.
- Injectors require little to no maintenance. You can renew an injector’s efficiency by cleaning it once every few years. It will work as good as new every time.
- Electronic fuel injectors are controlled by the ECU so any corrections are made by the computer program automatically. If the corrections are inadequate a warning light signals the rider.
Carburetor and its Advantages
On the other hand, we have the carburetor, which is a mechanical device known for mixing air and fuel for the engine. Carburetors have been around since the beginning of cars. So, they naturally made their way into motorcycles and became popular there as well.
In essence, the carburetor works on the Venturi vacuum principle. When the rider twists the throttle, the air from the surroundings is sucked into the machine where a jet is also located. The combined pressure of the vacuum sucks in both air and fuel. The two are mixed and sent into the engine for combustion.
The mechanism is pretty straightforward, which is why it is still in use in some vehicles today. However, only in older cars or bikes. The new ones prefer EFI and come with that advanced system from the factory.
Here are a few advantages of a carburetor over fuel injection:
- A carburetor is a fairly inexpensive part, which can be repaired or replaced without costing too much money.
- Carburetors are user-friendly, meaning you can tune one yourself according to your specifications. However, make sure you see a professional handle it first.
- The component is quite rigid and sturdy. Hence it doesn’t break or need repairs often.
- The carburetor isn’t part of the engine. In other words, it is exposed so you can tinker with it as you please without opening up the entire engine.
Why Fuel Injection is Better in a Motorcycle?
There are a few key reasons why you should choose FI over a carburetor ins motorbike.
Fuel injection systems are versatile and adaptable to advanced fuels. They also reduce harmful emissions, which is a huge advantage nowadays.
FI systems pour pressurized fuel into the engine. The amount of fuel is adjusted depend depending on your requirement.
They also work with the ECU constantly so that a perfect air-fuel mixture is achieved. A carburetor is not automatically adjustable, and you must make changes manually depending on your requirements.
The major advantage of fuel injection over a carburetor is that the former provided better mileage and fuel efficiency. In today’s world, where gas prices are over the roof, fuel injection systems are a blessing in disguise.
Fuel injectors are not easy to clean. You have to open up part of the engine to reach them. However, you can use fuel system cleaners to do the job for you. Remember to use a certified cleaner once every six months, and you will never need to change the injectors very soon.
Fuel injectors are better in every aspect, and even in places they lack, they are not far behind the carburetor. In fact, fuel injectors are a better long-term investment. So it’s better to buy a bike that has FI so you can future-proof your investment.